Learn | Algae and aquatic weed control
Blue green algae or cyanobacteria
Our lovely corner of the world has been hard hit by numerous blue-green algae blooms over these past few summers. Understandably citizens are concerned about safety, their property investments along the lakeshore and how this affects their recreational activities and lifestyles. We turn to the government to seek information, advice and action which often leaves us feeling frustrated. What we need to do is to take a good hard look at our own practices and evaluate how they might possibly contribute to the problem of blue green algae blooms. Think globally act locally.
Globally we are all experiencing the effects of global warming. What the scientists have been warning us about for decades is now happening; we are living in a changing climate that is becoming increasingly harsh and unpredictable. What can I do, you ask? Drive your car less, walk and cycle more. Plan your car trips for shopping with other outings so you use the car less. Share driving. Institute carpooling where you work. Sell one vehicle. Don`t wait for the government to save our planet, you start and maybe the institutions will follow. How does this relate to your pond or lake? The blue green algae bloom like warm water temperatures, so until we change our output of greenhouse gases on a global scale, one car or action at a time, your pond will likely experience more frequent and persistent algae bloom problems in the future.
For the pond owner or resident living along affected lakes, do a small watershed checklist and action plan, to see how your own actions are contributing to poor water quality in your pond or lake.
Do you mow your lawn up to the shoreline? If so, this is detrimental for water quality because short grass cannot absorb excessive nutrients such as phosphorous, like a lush band of shoreline plants and aquatic plants can. Blue-green algae bloom with too much phosphorous. Plant indigenous shrubs along your shoreline and avoid lawn mowing as much as possible. Certainly, never fertilize your lawn; you are just contributing to poor water quality for everyone. Paved land, driveways and roads allow surface water to enter your lake easily, carrying with it pollutants and nutrients that feed algae. If possible, remove these surfaces, or plant berms around them so that the plant roots can take up excess moisture, and the soil can absorb the water. For streams that cross your land and enter the lake, do the same thing, plant indigenous aquatic plants in and along the stream and never mow up to the stream edge. Become the annoying neighbour who makes friendly suggestions to the lawn mowing landowner down lake from you. If you have the means to do so, offer to buy plants and plant them for the farmer down the road who is struggling to make ends meet. Screaming at town council meetings will accomplish less than taking action yourself and spreading the word through your own positive ways. Instead of the man who planted trees become the woman who planted aquatics! Again, think globally, act locally. If your goal is to keep your lakeside property enjoyable and your lake safe for recreation, start now, mobilize your neighbours and lake community; take it upon yourselves to make the necessary changes, so at least you can say you tried your best. The new buzz word for water quality is not a new concept at all, but an increasingly important one: watershed management. It begins where the mountains and fields flow into your lake and ends eventually at sea level. So managing local watersheds properly is the key to great water quality.
The floating islands we sell have great potential for assisting in the removal of soluble phosphorous from the water. The roots of plants that grow on the islands increase the surface area where friendly bacteria can thrive, so that below the floating island is a massive community of bacteria that break down phosphorous into a protein usable for fish. It is also known that some plants will take up certain nutrients efficiently. In this way the islands allow natural processes to remove excess phosphorous. The islands do other things as well: they provide shade for fish, they provide habitat above and below for birds and fish, they are attractive, they can be used to protect shoreline from the wave action of boats, they can deter boat traffic much like a buoy would and they make a great community project. Many schools have launched islands as special environmental projects.
Our approach to aquatic management is two-fold: always take great care to manage the watershed properly as a preventative measure and when the situation is so bad that the health of wildlife is at risk or the enjoyment of your lake is impeded, take immediate action that involves the benefits of biology + technology, like adding much needed oxygen through aeration. We are also finding the latest technologies that mimic nature are very effective in problem situations; such is the case with using beneficial bacteria and floating islands. This approach of global action, protecting the watershed and using the latest benefits of biology + technology is showing exciting results among our clients.
The following information is re-printed from Agriculture Canada:
A serious problem exists when cyanobacteria grows in ponds and lakes. Some species of cyanobacteria are visible to the naked eye, and may resemble green algae with a bluish tinge. They are sometimes referred to as blue-green algae, but they are not algae – they are bacteria.
Some species of cyanobacteria produce liver or nerve toxins. These toxins may kill animals that drink the water. Unfortunately it is not a simple task to test for toxins in the water. It is therefore critical to control the growth of cyanobacteria in any water supply used for human or animal consumption.
Cyanobacteria identification is possible. Trained specialists visually identify the presence or absence of the bacteria using a microscope. Many commercial laboratories can identify whether or not cyanobacteria are present in a water sample. Any water sample taken for cyanobacteria identification should be kept cool and analysed within 24 hours of being collected.
If a cyanobacteria problem is discovered, properly timed and applied copper treatments may be used to control growth.
The Big Picture
Copper treatments are a temporary solution to problems with cyanobacteria. The treatment does not deal with the root problem for the growth of cyanobacteria, algae, and plants. Prairie ponds and lakes experience prolific algae growth because the water is nutrient-rich. Typically, ponds and lakes have very high phosphorus concentrations which serve as a nutrient for cyanobacteria, algae, and aquatic plants. Therefore, even after effective copper treatment, cyanobacteria and algae problems will recur at a later date.
The best plan to minimize cyanobacteria, algae, and aquatic plant problems incorporates good watershed management. The goal is to prevent nutrient inputs into the water. Nutrient sources include phosphorus, nitrogen, animal waste, fertilizers, soil particles, and silt. Each of these acts as a fertilizer for algae and aquatic plants. An example of watershed management is remote livestock watering.
Best Management Practices (BMPs), such as grassed buffers and fencing to exclude animals (including livestock) from water, can minimize external phosphorus inputs from soil, fertilizer, and animal manure. Perimeter diking around the dugout combined with an inlet control structure can be used to divert silt-laden or nutrient-rich runoff water away from the dugout.
Well-designed, continuous, year-round diffused aeration at the bottom of the dugout can minimize the natural recycling of phosphorus from the sediment. Other methods such as remedial dugout coagulation treatment will remove phosphorus from the water column, and can minimize the potential growth of cyanobacteria.